Towards family members or strangers; towards people, dogs and other animals.


Nervous, fearful, high-strung, jumpy or snappy. Uncomfortable with strangers, strange places or being alone.


Intense fear of adverse weather conditions such as thunder, lightning, wind and rain.


Nudging or barking for attention, doing things to get attention, pushing in when attention is given to another pet.

Bad manners

A lack of training, being too spoiled or being stressed in a particular environment.


Excessively or for no apparent reason. Unresponsive to owner's call.


For food around the dinner table, or for attention.


People or other animals; strangers, visitors or family members. Mouthing.


Endless energy, jumping up, can’t settle. Unmanageable.


Destructive chewing as an adult or puppy. Furniture, shoes etc. Teething, boredom, stress.

Coprophagia (eating faeces)

Eating of excrement from the lawn or cat-litter tray.


An emotional response to an event or lifestyle; unmotivated, disinterested, lethargic.


Digging, chewing, pulling washing from the line.


Holes in the garden; along the wall, at the gate, in flower-beds or random areas on the lawn.


Difficulty in training without professional help, unresponsive, ignores.


Towards other dogs or the owner. Growling, challenging body language, humping.


Running out of the gate, getting through small spaces, jumping over/digging under walls.


Stressed around new people, animals or environments. Shaking, hiding, cowering, snapping, attacking etc.


With the other dogs at home, a new dog at home or dogs at the park.

Food guarding

Lip-lifting, growling or aggressive behaviour when approached while eating or busy with a chew/toy.

House soiling

Lacking, incomplete or extinct toilet training. Common in puppies or in illness/pain, aging/confusion.


When the family leaves home, when a mate has died or in solitude.


Unstoppable energy, boisterousness, constantly on the go, jumping up in greeting.

Jumping up

On family or visitors especially in greeting. Excessive excitement or during play.


Obsessive licking of paws, forearms, in between digits or other areas. Excessive face-licking. Licking walls or floor.


During walks will lunge at cars, joggers, cyclists, scooters or other dogs.


Distrusting and anxious around strangers or new environments. Tries to hide, crouch, turn away or bite.


Biting at ankles or legs of visitors, domestic staff or family. Bites when being moved from sofa or bed. Typically a nervous dog.


Abnormal need to be physically close to a family member; follows the person around. Doesn’t like being alone and has to watch family's every move.


Of home area, family members or objects/resources. Can become aggressive towards strangers.


An intense fear of noise, stormy weather, certain sounds, sights, locations or sensations.

Pulling on the leash

A lack of training, stressed, vocal or reactive during walks. Not socialised, under-exercised or previous bad experience.

Pushing other pets out the way

To gain sole attention from a family member or a visitor.

Recourse guarding

Lip-lifting, growling or attacking. Over-protectiveness of chews, toys, food and even people.

Running away

Runs out of the gate at every opportunity. Runs away at the park. Unresponsive to being called back. Fearfulness.


Will do anything not to be alone. Keeps owner in sight at all times. Over-excited greeting; jumping / vocal / urinating. Destructive digging or chewing and vocalisation while owner is out.


In the aging dog; failing senses and growing confusion. Peculiar or unusual behaviour.


Overly-sensitive due to bad experience or lack of socialiation. Rolls over and/or urinates when touched. Fearful or nervous nature.


To being called over or given a command. Doesn’t listen. Deaf. In pain. Illness.

Territorialism (excessive)

Over-protective of the home area or family members. Runs up and down the fence or barks at the gate. Can become aggressive to visitors.